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Here's everything you ever wanted to know about TCM's ubiquitous big-bore but were afraid to ask. I counseled Ted to slow down and take a thoughtful approach. Continental owners should obtain a copy of Service Bulletin M84-15 that details methods and techniques used in determining proper compression ratios of Continental … An abundance of one type of metal can pinpoint items that are wearing abnormally inside the engine. Now for that other engine.... — PAB. Although it was painful to sink more than $7,000 into an engine 800 hours before TBO, we are now enjoying the predictable oil burn, clean oil analyses, and solid compression checks that the new jugs provide. Industry’s best service and prices. Authorized Full Service Master Lycoming Distributor. One last thing Marc: If you are really curious how Continental increased the TBO on the O-470-U, I’d contact the company directly for specifics. The Continental IO-550 engine is a large family of fuel injected six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that were developed for use in light aircraft by Teledyne Continental Motors.The first IO-550 was delivered in 1983 and the type remains in production. New, rebuilt, overhauled Continental O-470 engines for sale. Model TBO New Outrite New Exchange Remanufactured Exchange Average Overhaul Installed; Teledyne Continental Motors: TSIO-360-E,-F: 1400: N/A: N/A: 33,000: 27,000 %PDF-1.7 %���� For about $1,100 to $1,300 you can get a new cylinder kit instead of spending $800 on an overhaul-exchange jug that contains only new innards and an unknown past. What's important to note, though, is whether the rate takes a noticeable swing away from its normal trends. A family of carbureted six cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines; the Continental O-470 was developed for use in light aircraft.Manufactured by Continental Motors, the family also includes the E165, E185, and the E225. Continental I0-346 factory overhaul manual beechcraft musketeer. The following propellers are approved: While 65 over 80 psi can be considered good for a Continental IO-470, that figure would not sit well with a mechanic testing a Lycoming O-320. TBO becomes 1700 hrs Flight Manual Supplement update . If only one cylinder has gone bad, it's probably best to just pull the affected one off and have it reworked or replaced. For about $20 per sample, an oil-analysis program may provide an excellent source of advanced warning. Upon shutdown, however, the propeller would tick over somewhat erratically as it came to rest. During the runup everything would check normal and in flight the engine seemed to deliver smooth normal power. Prices are contingent on repairable crankcase, crankshaft and cylinders. h�bbd``b`�$� �W@�u �`*I,� �|� Ī�f �� V"��v�@bP#C4�FZ��� �> : The engine has horizontally opposed air cooled cylinders. Several signs will lead you and your mechanic to believe that the cylinders on your engine may need reworking or replacement. Another telltale sign of top-end problems can be found in the engine oil. Nearly all models will receive the benefit of a 200 hour increase over the existing TBO. Norvic are TCM Continental specialists and by using genuine TCM Continental parts will ensure your Beech A33 Debonair is back in the air with the minimum of fuss. $19.99. If you hear or feel air coming out of the oil filler neck and/or breather, air is likely escaping past the piston rings. Some months and less than 20 hours later, the icing on the cake was the discovery of a tar-like substance seeping out of the head-barrel joint of the number-six cylinder, indicating the early stages of head-barrel separation. Given all of the indications, and the fact that we still had 800 hours until TBO, the decision was made to pull all of the cylinders and replace them with new ones. spring retainers on all E-series, O-470, IO-470, IO-520 / 550, TSIO-520 / 550 TSIOL-550 and GTSIO-520 engines. Otherwise, your mechanic can look at the results and formulate a theory as to the source. A new cylinder kit costs about $1,300. The oil transfer tube is NO LONGER AVAILABLE. A family of carbureted six cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines; the Continental O-470 was developed for use in light aircraft. Specifications: 80 inch diameter 3-bladed, aluminum hub propeller 2400 hour / 6 year TBO 80 pounds (prop & spinner) diameter reduction allowable to 78 inches. However, if you fly less than 100 hours per year and live along the humid Gulf Coast, you may be better off with coated jugs. Continental IO-470-K, 225hp, 1500 TBO. Add To Cart. Of course, all engines are different and burn rates may vary. Worn or broken piston rings allow combustion gases to blow by and contaminate the oil, turning it dark prematurely. Continental At Overhaul 100% Parts Replacement List Engine Model: IO-470-C,D,E,F,G,H,L,M,N,P,R,S,U,V,VO *Note: This list is not all-inclusive and may not be current. Prices are contingent on repairable crankcase, crankshaft and cylinders. Chalking our incident up to bad luck and considering the O-320's excellent cylinder durability history, the decision was made to ship the one ailing cylinder out to a rebuild shop, where a new seat was pressed in. Norvic are TCM Continental specialists and by using genuine TCM Continental parts will ensure your Beech A33 Debonair is back in the air with the minimum of fuss. Compressions were erratic, often sagging into the upper 50s and lower 60s. Specifications: 80 inch diameter 3-bladed, aluminum hub propeller 2400 hour / 6 year TBO 80 pounds (prop & spinner) diameter reduction allowable to 78 inches. The pistons showed corresponding scuffing evidence. Another occurrence involved a Continental IO-520 installed on the right side of a Beech Baron. The Continental IO-550 engine is a large family of fuel injected six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that were developed for use in light aircraft by Teledyne Continental Motors.The first IO-550 was delivered in 1983 and the type remains in production. I counseled Ted to slow down and take a thoughtful approach. Same deal with the opposing cylinder. However, it is the subtle clues that make diagnosing the problem a little trickier. For a Hartzell on the E225-8 or either prop combination on the E185-11, it was 2600 rpm. Aircraft Owners & Pilots Association Find it free on the store. Often, mechanics will scribble the numbers on the rocker covers as a reference for the next time. Continental rates the E185-11 and E225-8 at respectable max cruising limit of 2300 rpm. A chrome or nickel coating combats the rust that would readily set up in steel cylinders on an inactive airplane. Replaces: Using a two-part pressure gauge, a mechanic can fill the cylinder with 80 psi of air, which is read off one gauge, and determine how much of that 80 psi the cylinder is containing by looking at the indication on the other gauge). While his increased oil consumption was certainly a matter of con-cern, it … Our STC is for the use of the IO-470-D,-E,-F,-H,-M,-N or -S engine in a modified condition, that is, with the fuel injection system removed and replaced by the carburetion system that is original equipment on the O-470 engine. Continental IO-470-K, 225hp, 1500 TBO. Today the opposed engine design has replaced all other types of piston engines for various reasons, including fewer cylinders for equal power and smooth running. If your airplane has chromed cylinders, the chrome could be getting scraped off by the steel rings. With his interest piqued, the more mechanically savvy partner in our airplane pulled the propeller through by hand and discovered the flat cylinder. At low rpm, the engine would run a little rough, like it had a partially fouled plug. Continental At Overhaul 100% Parts Replacement List Engine Model: IO-470-C,D,E,F,G,H,L,M,N,P,R,S,U,V,VO *Note: This list is not all-inclusive and may not be current. Not a member? Airmark Overhaul, Inc. 6001 NW 29th Avenue Fort Lauderdale, FL 33309. When balanced, an O-470 will run at cruisepower without the least bit of burble or vibration. Victor Aviation is widely regarded as the finest aircraft engine overhaul facility in the world. i think the io 470 is an awesome engine. $29.99. As with tracking oil burn, oil analysis works best when a trend is established. 225 bhp IO-470 the tempation is to upgrade to either an IO-520 or go all the way to the IO-550. So it was to my surprise to learn that a cylinder had gone totally flat — no compression. For example, the Continental A-40 made the classic Piper Cub possible. While his increased oil consumption was certainly a matter of con-cern, it … It cost money to re certify the engine to higher TBO. 2500 Hour Club - Myth Busting TBO! The good news is that new cylinder kits are priced fairly low these days, making new cylinders a more viable option than they were in the past. Continental Service Bulletin M89-9 points out another way to check for excessive crankcase pressure caused by blow-by. According to the service bulletin, 90 mph (78 knots) is the limit for Continental 360- through 550-series engines. It distinguishes itself from other six-cylindercarbureted engines by its characteristic lope at idle and throatyexhaust stack burp. Consult the latest manufacturer’s approved data before installing any part. Your mechanic should be able to recommend the best cylinders for you and your flying style. With junked cylinders costing relatively little, the swap can be made for a little more than the mechanic's labor cost. The engine cylinders have an overhead inclined valve design. Continental engine W-670 overhaul and parts manual library X30009. Several factors affect this decision and, when that time comes, a thorough assessment of your aircraft's overall health is necessary. Increases TBO to 1700 hours. Already a member? Inside the head, of course, is where the majority of the commotion in the engine occurs. If a trend is spotted early enough, it will buy you a little more time to make an educated and economical decision as to the best course of action. Obvious indicators, such as a crack in the cylinder or oil seeping out of the head-to-barrel joint, call for immediate action. Engine Oil Analysis of Tulsa, Oklahoma, began to notice higher levels of iron and aluminum in the oil samples. A repaired or overhauled cylinder could be on its first run or fifth run. For a Hartzell on the E225-8 or either prop combination on the E185-11, it was 2600 rpm. TBO becomes 1700 hrs Flight Manual Supplement update . Continental Continental Continental The IO-470-N model is a six cylinder fuel injected engine that produces 260 brake horsepower and has a crankshaft speed of 2625 RPM. 6[�yÇ��F�Lt���uo�4ouQLʀl>D?�p�ǻ�v*2�D[],:��8���.nW��a��Ö3i�Y���B��X�:�[)�P���^��k�M]ءp�}��\K�����寝����c������B��^۵:�)�_�j�i\���}M�~�:Ȓ,w�J�� ����۰�J�� %adf�YZ�}� Ku>w#�W�����q���*��O��\?�|��6z`�hɿ�}�.�����t���͂�ҵ~�k���J�n��rm0�j��()4t�L�W �1����fS��A�{���}ɐ'D���,)�0�6�-:�~? The engine has horizontally opposed air cooled cylinders. Though that could be true in some cases, it should be understood that top overhauling is very common on high-horsepower/turbocharged engines as well as those inactive engines whose cylinders have rusted. In the first year, I had both 260 hp Continental IO-470-D engines overhauled. By plumbing an airspeed indicator to a crankcase vent — whether it be where the oil breather attaches to the filler neck or some other direct line to the crankcase — a mechanic can run the engine and determine the amount of blow-by depending on the indicated "airspeed." Continental’s O-470 Series. ©2015 Continental Motors, Inc. CATEGORY 5 SIL98-9E Supersedes SIL98-9D TECHNICAL PORTIONS FAA APPROVED CONTINENTAL MOTORS® AIRCRAFT ENGINE SERVICE INFORMATION LETTER Contains Useful Information Pertaining To Your Aircraft Engine SUBJECT: Time Between Overhaul (TBO… Combustion gases were escaping past the cocked valve in what should have been the closed position and going right out the exhaust. Here's everything you ever wanted to know about TCM's ubiquitous big-bore but were afraid to ask. Box 90 Mobile, AL 251-436-8299 PAGE NO REVISION 1998/11/17 2013/07/17 2 of 4 SIL98-9 C 2. -���i6����B�+�A�̱pw�30��"` H],� $28.99. Under higher power, such as during runup and in flight, the valve sealed in enough of the combustion to produce smooth operation and perceivably normal power. How bad does the compression have to be before pulling a cylinder? endstream endobj 205 0 obj <>/Metadata 21 0 R/Names 223 0 R/Outlines 101 0 R/PageLabels 200 0 R/PageMode/UseNone/Pages 202 0 R/StructTreeRoot 104 0 R/Threads 221 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 206 0 obj <> endobj 207 0 obj <>stream you run 50 rop, your going to hurt your motor) . Nearly all models will receive the benefit of a 200 hour increase over the existing TBO. What incentive would Continental have in upping the TBO? this was typical for a mid-time Continental TSIO-520-R, and that turbocharged Continentals seldom make TBO without cyl-inder replacement. Aircraft owners that fly 40 hour per month will receive up to 400 hours. Bottom Line: This is the most economical performance increase to your IO470. that was with no engine monitor and 50 rop, always. 204 0 obj <> endobj Those with no coating or "steel" cylinders will optimally burn about a quart in 10 hours. CONTINENTAL IO-470-N Aircraft Piston Engine for sale located in from Airmark Overhaul Inc 1637874. The Continental O-470 produces 213 hp at 2575 rpm. The oil reeked of blow-by and oil could be found in the bottom spark plugs of the inboard cylinders of the canted engine. Our engine overhaul services are all-inclusive or can be tailored to meet the individual needs of our customers. One last thing Marc: If you are really curious how Continental increased the TBO on the O-470-U, I’d contact the company directly for specifics. Get the latest news on coronavirus impacts on general aviation, including what AOPA is doing to protect GA, event cancellations, advice for pilots to protect themselves, and more. ContinentalContinentalContinental The IO-470-K model is a six cylinder fuel injected engine that produces 225 brake horsepower and has a crankshaft speed of 2600 RPM. For example, a reading of 75 over 80 indicates the cylinder retained 75 psi. Continental O-470 Series Engine Information. That cylinder was definitely junk, but if we replaced only that one would the others soon follow? The engine cylinders have an overhead inclined valve design. Take the differential compression check as a prime example. Gain IO520 performance at wide open throttle settings Our STC SA2635CE approves installation of a stock Cont. High amounts of aluminum could be the result of the piston's scuffing along the cylinder thanks to a broken ring(s) or excessive heat and consequent out-of-round bores. Does the oil turn black soon after an oil change? Both of these cylinders exhibited the early stages of scuffing along the top and bottom of the jug, proving that the piston wasn't riding on the rings that were left on the pistons. What else idles like a six-cylinder Harley-Davidson, roars on takeoff like a dragster, and has the best bottom end in the business? The engine has horizontally opposed air cooled cylinders. The idea is that little or no maintenance will be required until TBO, which is projected to be around 3,000 hours. The first involved a Lycoming O-320 installed in a 1975 Cessna 172. Continental owners should obtain a copy of Service Bulletin M84-15 that details methods and techniques used in determining proper compression ratios of Continental cylinders. TBO times are impacted by many variables, most under the control of the owner/operator and his choices of maintenance and operation. Carefully track oil burn from day one by noting the exact time that a quart of oil was added to the engine. Aircraft owners that fly 40 hour per month will receive up to 400 hours. After removing the cylinder, our mechanic found that the exhaust valve was being compressed into the valve seat at an odd angle, damaging the seat as well. On the other hand, a cylinder on a Piper Archer's Lycoming O-360 has a good shot at continuing service to the end of a second run with just a repair job. The left engine was overhauled and installed by G&N Aircraft. Victor Aviation is widely regarded as the finest aircraft engine overhaul facility in the world. To keep them, a field overhaul is one option, or a not-so-easy option is to purchase a set of derelict OEM cylinders to swap with the aftermarket cylinders prior to shipping your engine off. The last airplanes produced that used the IO 470 discontinued production in the early 1980's. Continental’s future success began in 1931 when it began production of four cylinder horizontally opposed engines. Copies of service bulletins can be obtained through AOPA. Another variable in the tracking of oil burn is the type of coating your cylinders have. Industry’s best service and prices. Gain IO520 performance at wide open throttle settings If cylinder compression starts heading south and oil consumption is on the rise, the signs are leading you to an important and expensive decision — to top or not? (���� ���A���)�qN_�w����rz�/�F�*A��@��$��0��>� mine was running strong when it was removed and replaced, with a new one. Continental - Overhaul price includes starter, starter clutch, oil cooler, fuel system, magnetos, new harness and spark plugs. The upgrade from an IO-470 to either an IO-520 or IO-550 is quite a bit more expensive. There are many wear metals tracked by oil analysis and a good analyzer with a knowledge of piston aircraft engines can even suggest where the metals are coming from. Typical engine overhaul services and fees are listed below and are subject to change due to market costs, availability of parts or hardware, and the extent of any service, repair, or machining of customer's existing components 0 Based on research, the difference in installed cost of a factory remanufactured IO-520 and an STC’d factory remanufactured IO-550 is approximately $8,000. ISSUED REVISED PAGE NO REVISION MO DAY YEAR MO DAY YEAR 2 of 2 B 04 07 1997 11 18 2009 Teledyne Continental M otors, Inc. TM A Teledyne Technologies Company P.O. Oil analysis had caught this problem several months prior, leaving us time to order a set of six new Millennium cylinder kits from Superior Air Parts. Please login below for an enhanced experience. ** Note: on earlier model aircraft with the IO-470-C engine, an oil plug transfer tube or an oil plug may be required. In fact, most mechanics would rather the investigation start when the engine burns more than a quart every three hours. Engines designated "IO" are fuel-injected. Continental The IO-470-L model is a six cylinder fuel injected engine that produces 260 brake horsepower and has a crankshaft speed of 2625 RPM. Given the different metallurgy present within cylinders, each part has different wear rates. And take-off at 2650 for the E225-8 and with the Beech Electric Prop combination. Bottom Line: This is the most economical performance increase to your IO470. I think a TOH [top overhaul] is in the near future.". What incentive would Continental have in upping the TBO? Increases TBO to 1700 hours. When the aluminum head changes temperature, it contracts more rapidly than does the steel barrel, setting the stage for uneven wear patterns and eventual failure in the form of a crack or other anomaly. The advantage of going with new is the knowledge of the cylinder's history. Engine Notes: 420 Hours Total Time Since Major Overhaul. While the O-300 had a TBO of 1,800 hours, the GO-300s found in 175s had a TBO of 1,200 hours. If you fly more than 100 hours a year and live in a dry area, plain steel cylinders would likely be a good choice. Everything outboard of the crankcase (save for the alternator, starter, and other accessories) of typical aircraft engines is referred to as the top end. We have a large inventory of over 110 engines ready to ship or built to order with a 2-4 weeks lead time. Authorized Full Service Master Continental Distributor. 242 0 obj <>stream Today the opposed engine design has replaced all other types of piston engines for various reasons, including fewer cylinders for equal power and smooth running. The increased TBO is affective on nearly all Continental Motors Factory produced engines beginning in February 2012 as designated by serial number 1006000 and higher. ** Note: on earlier model aircraft with the IO-470-C engine, an oil plug transfer tube or an oil plug may be required. Using techniques that are comparatively archaic in this age of computer diagnostics, a mechanic can accurately find the source of the problem. First, are you looking at an anomaly within one cylinder or have all of the compressions started sagging? Pete Bedell is a pilot for a major airline and co-owner of a Cessna 172M and Beechcraft Baron D55. The last airplanes produced that used the IO 470 discontinued production in the early 1980's. If it comes out of the exhaust stack, you've got exhaust valve or valve-guide problems. The Continental O-470 engine is a family of carbureted and fuel-injected six-cylinder, horizontally opposed, air-cooled aircraft engines that was developed especially for use in light aircraft by Continental Motors.Engines designated "IO" are fuel-injected. O-470-R or S engine, interchangeably in the Cessna 182E through P model as an additional engine option with no airframe or engine modifications required. FAA# JL4R288M | EASA.145.4115 | Toll Free: 800-282-3202 | 954-970-3200 After it has been determined that there is a problem in one or more of the cylinders, the time comes to take stock of your engine, as well as your airplane's overall condition. The O-470-U offers 252 hp with a 2000-hour TBO, the IO-520 has 285 hp with a 1700-hour TBO and the IO-550 has 300 hp, also with a 1700-hour TBO. Teledyne Continental Motors Update. The upgrade from an IO-470 to either an IO-520 or IO-550 is quite a bit more expensive. New, rebuilt, overhauled Continental IO-470 engines for sale. Depending on how bad the leakage is, this type of top-end distress may eventually require the replacement or reworking of one or more cylinders after further investigation. Replacing all of your cylinders with new assemblies doesn't carry any clout with the FAA and that attitude follows suit with those looking to buy an airplane. ©2020 Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association. Continental GTSIO-520 factory overhaul manual X30045A. As it was pulled off of the piston, pieces of one of the piston rings fell to the hangar floor at the mechanic's feet. {X\)8�+ۃ�5�H�g��6N~uzy%]�� &������x��O2��g�z��. For the A-65 to IO-346 engines, 44 mph (38 knots) is the limit. The engine cylinders have an overhead straight valve design. Blow-by can also be traced by simply smelling the oil. The thought of spending thousands of dollars for a new or overhauled engine 700 hours before the manufacturer's recommended overhaul time generally doesn't sit well with most owners. The smaller-outside-diameter portion closer to the crankcase is the barrel and the outboard section with the larger cooling fins is the head. A couple of examples involving top-end problems recently surfaced with two airplanes that I regularly fly. Search 1000's of Aircraft engine listings updated daily from 100's of dealers & private sellers. Is oil consumption on the rise? As owners as operators of aircraft engines we are (or should be) quite familiar with recommended TBO values for the engine (s) we fly behind or between. Continental The IO-470-L model is a six cylinder fuel injected engine that produces 260 brake horsepower and has a crankshaft speed of 2625 RPM. The engine cylinders have an overhead inclined valve design. Oil burn rates combined with an engine oil analysis and/or an oil-filter inspection at each oil change should spot any potential trouble before it becomes critical. While 65 over 80 psi can be considered good for a Continental IO-470, that figure would not sit well with a mechanic testing a Lycoming O-320. With Norvic’s best IO-470-N warranty in the business, your chances of reaching the next scheduled TBO with … Subject to applicable airworthiness directives and service bulletins. It cost money to re certify the engine to higher TBO. Continental’s O-470 Series. Oil burn had steadily worsened from a quart in five hours to a quart every three. TBO times are impacted by many variables, most under the control of the owner/operator and his choices of maintenance and operation. Spending a few hours with the latest issue of Trade-A-Plane will get you a good deal on new or used cylinders. Maximum Take Off Weight (MTOW) was 3,300 pounds. The IO-470 engine is a high compression version of your original O-470 Continental, requiring 100LL fuel. Poplar Grove did the right engine. Continental owners should obtain a copy of Service Bulletin M84-15 that details methods and techniques used in determining proper compression ratios of Continental … Add To Cart. it seems to have the best track record, for reliability. In my case, my pair of IO470's have a factory TBO of 1500 hours. Engine Model HP Aircraft Average Factory New Average Factory Rebuilt Independent Shop … Compression scores, oil consumption, oil analysis, and aircraft performance are all additional clues to determine whether an engine is getting tired. Manufactured by Continental Motors, the family also includes the E165, E185, and the E225. Subject to applicable airworthiness directives and service bulletins. Cylinders coated with Engine Components Inc.'s (ECI) Cermicrome, on the other hand, may go as many as 25 hours or more without requiring a quart of oil. Continental O-470-R or O-470-S Installation for Cessna 182E through 182P Models. Continental O-470-R or O-470-S Installation for Cessna 182E through 182P Models. Continental IO-470 Series Engine Information. And take-off at 2650 for the E225-8 and with the Beech Electric Prop combination. Simply sending in a sample whenever you suspect something's wrong won't do much good if there is no baseline to compare it to. When oil burn rates get worse than two hours per quart in typical GA piston engines, it's time for a look-see. If you decide to top your engine with something other than the manufacturer's jugs — such as Superior Air Parts' Millennium cylinders or ECI's Classic Cast offerings — consider what will happen to them at TBO. Based on research, the difference in installed cost of a factory remanufactured IO-520 and an STC’d factory remanufactured IO-550 is approximately $8,000.

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