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World War II was the largest and most violent armed conflict in the history of mankind. Hall 2nd Lt. 270 Engr. Two days after the Nazis entered, a pogrom began. of your passport, How you got the information you want to share with CIA, How to contact you, including your home address and phone number. Photograph of Stanley E. Jones and Lester Stricoff sitting in front of a monument at Brenner Pass… Your diverse skills. During his travels, he became an avid outdoorsman. “Knowing that my refusal to prepare the requested death certificate would lead to the corpse's clandestine burial in an unidentified grave,” confessed Dr. Karl Pittschieler, “I prepared the certificate, showing "paralisi cardiaca" (cardiac paralysis) as cause of death.”. It is a site where bungee-jumping from the bridge has become a popular tourist attraction. Because he was in uniform, his murder was a direct violation of the Geneva Convention on prisoners of war. A name for the pass itself appears for the first time in 1328 as ob dem Prenner (German for above the Prenner).[2]. They were able to locate Steve’s grave with that information and give him a proper military burial. [5] Since the 12th century, the Brenner Pass was controlled by the Counts of Tyrol within the Holy Roman Empire. Roderick Hall," claiming the cause of death was heart failure. It should be possible for him to blow out the Drava River roads within another 10 days. Please check our site map, search feature, or our site navigation on the left Older, obsolete theories suggested a connection of the name Brenner with the ancient tribe of the Breuni or the Gaulish chieftain Brennus, but since the pass name appears for the first time only in the 14th century, a more recent etymology is far more likely. A few weeks later, on January 25, 1945, Steve set off to the north on skis in a blinding snowstorm under orders to blow up the hydroelectric plant at Cortina. During his mission, he wrote several intriguing letters to his superiors describing what was happening in the field and his future plans. (c) Bn. At the end of World War I in 1918, the control of the Brenner Pass became shared between Italy and Austria under the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye (1919). During the High Middle Ages, Brenner Pass was a part of the important Via Imperii, an imperial road linking the Kingdom of Germany north of the Alps with the Italian March of Verona. During World War II, Hitler and Mussolini held three meetings there. Fighter bombers dropping general purpose bombs and the bombers dropping 20 pound fragmentation bombs and twisted pieces of tin foil called Chaff or Window (to confuse the radar) were tried. During World War II, Cortina was a vital German army headquarter in northern Italy. Brennero at Italian end of Brenner pass, Italian troops had occupied the pass the day before Italy's surrender. The warden instead turned him over to the Fascist police. At a height of 180 metres (590 feet) and span of 820 metres (2,690 feet), the bridge was celebrated as a masterpiece of engineering upon its completion in 1963. They are an invaluable and priceless testament to Steve's heroism and dedication to the country he loved. Steve hid out with a local priest while the warden promised to get help. The Brenner Assignment: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II - Kindle edition by O'Donnell, Patrick K.. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. After the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, the United States entered the Second World War. Internet: Send a message here. The story of Office of Strategic Services officer Roderick Stephen Hall and the Brenner Pass assignment is one of the most amazing and inspiring stories. Steve survived for six months in the Italian and Austrian Alps while planning sabotage missions targeting Nazi supply routes. Discover the CIA history, mission, vision and values. It served as the communications and transportation synapse between Italy and Germany. Today the Brenner Highway, constructed in the early 1970s, is one of the major roads between Austria and Italy. Could you live in the mountains in the middle of winter with limited food and supplies? The goal of this site is two fold. This co-ordinated attack centered on the Verona-Innsbruck or Brenner pass rail line and was carried out by 57 Bomb Wing and 22 Tactical Air Command of the 12 Air Force and the 15 Air Force. Following World War I, the border between Austria and Italy came to lie on the Brenner pass. The Romans regularised the mountain pass at Brenner, which had already been under frequent use during the prehistoric eras since the most recent Ice Age. "THE BRENNER ASSIGNMENT: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II," by Patrick K. O'Donnell, Da Capo Press, 286 pages, $25 Office of Public Affairs However, Austria reinstituted border checks in 2015 as a response to the European migrant crisis. The pass became the border between Italy and Austria after World War I. However, Steve never made it to the Brenner Pass. These obstacles could, of course, be overcome one way or another; but here is my suggestion, based on the premise that the sabotage is more important in the near future than political organization: Drop a man by parachute on the open country between Pocol and the Falzarego Pass and drop enough Army "Mountain Rations" and personal equipment to sustain him indefinitely in the peaks, if necessary. If you know of an imminent threat to a location inside the U.S., immediately contact Brenner Pass WWII on May 11, 1945 in Italy Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images You can also mail a letter to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and request it be forwarded to CIA. Prepublication Classification Review Board, Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room, Steve was turned over to German S.S. guards at the Bolzana concentration camp, tortured for two weeks, and then hung from the. Employment: We do not routinely answer questions about employment beyond the information on this Web site, and we do not routinely answer inquiries about the status of job applications. If not, I’ll be saying goodbye and thanks for giving me life. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Brenner Assignment: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II. To hear from Steve in his own words, read some of his original letters published in CIA's Studies in Intelligence. We are lucky to have these letters as part of America's historical legacy. In early May, the famous Brenner Pass through the Alps was the most dangerous corner of Europe. In the dark of the night, Steve and his team crept toward a bridge north of Tolmezzo, Italy. [9] While the official groundbreaking of the tunnel had taken place in 2006 (with survey tunnels drilled in the same year), substantial work did not begin until 2011. The German Army was retreating from Italy through the Pass into Austria. Via Augusta was completed in 46–47 AD; the route took its course along the Adige valley to the neighbouring Reschen Pass (west of the Brenner Pass), then descended into the Inn valley before rising to Fern Pass towards Augsburg. It is one of the most important routes of north–south connections in Europe. Dairy cattle graze in alpine pastures throughout the summer in valleys beneath the pass and on the mountains above it. Brenner Pass official you have information for CIA. His time there did not last long. The Europabrücke (Europe Bridge), located roughly halfway between Innsbruck and the Brenner Pass, is a large concrete bridge carrying the six-lane Brenner Autobahn over the valley of Sill River (Wipptal). to us and to those with more detail. I feel sure he would not have to search out anti-Nazi elements for laying the plans for continued sabotage: they would come to him. Our open-source library houses the thousands of documents, periodicals, maps and reports released to the public. The records were also used as evidence to help convict Steve's killers of murder. Here are my qualifications: Cordially yours, R.S.G. In-Person: Outside the U.S., go to a U.S. Embassy or Consulate and inform a U.S. Please know, CIA does not engage in law enforcement. In the fall of 1943, Steve wrote a letter to officers at the fledgling Office of Strategic Services (OSS) — the predecessor of the CIA — proposing one of the most amazing sabotage missions of World War II. Today the Brenner Highway, constructed in the early 1970s, is one of the major roads between Austria and Italy. Steve laid out his plan to cripple the Brenner Pass and had no trouble gaining the support of his men. The first Roman road to cross the Alpine range, Via Claudia Augusta, connected Verona in northern Italy with Augusta Vindelicorum (modern-day Augsburg) in the Roman province of Raetia. You'll also find written testimonies by witnesses and fellow officers that were used to convict Steve's Nazi killers during the American Military Commission trials Italy. Brenner Pass Flight Log This page from Frank Devereaux's flight log tells of bombing missions in early 1945 aboard B-25 bombers as part of the 380th Bombardment Squadron (310th Bombardment Group), then assigned to keeping closed Brenner Pass, an important … The Brenner Assignment by Patrick O’Donnell tells the story of two American agents in World War II who embark on a mission to destroy the crucial German supply line, through the Brenner Pass. best method depends on your personal situation. One was sentenced to life imprisonment and three were hanged. The pass became the border between Italy and Austria after World War I. daily. [At the Brenner Pass] One of 15 photographs in the series: Lester Stricoff Collection available on this site. The Brenner Assignment: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II by Patrick K. O’Donnell. On March 18th 1940 Hitler met the Italian leader Mussolini in his railway carriage in the Brenner Pass, high in the Alps, close to the border between the two countries. Steve was sent back to Algiers for a crash course in parachuting. the information via one of the above methods. Search WW2DB & Partner Sites. Learn how the CIA is organized into directorates and key offices, responsible for securing our nation. They were dropped at Monte Pala in the foothills of the Alps of northern Italy. Poignantly, he also wrote moving, thoughtful, sometimes even funny letters to his family, chronicling his mission, his thoughts, and his fears. Steve was turned over to German S.S. guards at the Bolzana concentration camp, tortured for two weeks, and then hung from the steam pipe in the torture room on February 20, 1945. The most up-to-date CIA news, press releases, information and more. Or, you can send us a message using the Tor browser at ciadotgov4sjwlzihbbgxnqg3xiyrg7so2r2o3lt5wz5ypk4sxyjstad.onion. The motorway E45 (European designation; in Italy A22, in Austria the A13), Brenner Autobahn/Autostrada del Brennero, begins in Innsbruck, runs through the Brenner Pass, Bozen/Bolzano, Verona and finishes outside Modena. People from nearly every country share information with CIA, and new individuals contact us We will work to protect all information you collection mission, there are many ways to reach us. Preparations for the mission began. [10], View between the top of the pass and the village of, Brenner Pass lies along the border of Austria and Italy, "Geschichte Schwabens bis zum Ausgang des 18. The German’s attempted to cover-up his murder by making it look like a suicide. 18 Mar 1938 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini met at the Brenner Pass on the Italian-Austrian border; Mussolini agreed to enter a war on the side of Germany at an opportune moment. The World War II Database is founded and managed by C. Peter Chen of Lava Development, LLC. Of course, the problem of how he would get out and save his own skin is all a matter of chance and circumstance. There, he learned hand-to-hand combat, sabotage techniques, demolitions, and guerrilla warfare tactics. On June 22, 1944, Steve was pulled out of the demolitions school in Algiers and sent to Caserta, Italy. However, with limited staff and resources, we simply cannot respond to all who write to us. Even if he was a European, he would encounter official questioning at every turn now, with danger of exposure each time. America’s history is rich with stories about courageous men and women who have gone above and beyond to protect their nation. Drop TNT and a tool kit. professional. The never-before-told true story of a small team of American saboteurs with orders to sever the Third Reich's main supply artery — the Brenner Pass Like a scene from Where Eagles Dare, a small team of American special operatives parachutes into Italy under the noses of … The pass belonged to a part of the ratlines for some Nazis after the German surrender in 1945 Beck Verlag 2001, page 80, principal passes of the Eastern Alpine range, "Italy, Austria seek to calm tensions over Brenner border controls", Galleria di Base del Brennero – Brenner Basistunnel BBT SE – Offline, "BBT wird Realität - Ministerrat gibt grünes Licht - oesterreich.ORF.at", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brenner_Pass&oldid=952565430, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 April 2020, at 22:30. Steve also became very familiar with the Italian Alps — in particular, the Brenner Pass — while he hiked, skied and climbed his way through the area. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at the Brenner Pass. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read The Brenner Assignment: The Untold Story of the Most Daring Spy Mission of World War II. Roderick Stephen “Steve” Hall was born in Peking, China, in 1915. Emperor Frederick Barbarossa made frequent uses of the Brenner Pass to cross the Alps during his imperial expeditions into Italy. It became the first trans-Alpine railway without a major tunnel and at high altitude (crossing the Brenner Pass at 1,371 m). ... Truscott now directed IV Corps units to seal the Brenner Pass in the north and destroy the Ligurian Army in the west. Third Party: Have someone you trust travel to a less restrictive environment and deliver

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