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Von den Reptilien ist der Gangesgavial fast ausgerottet und auch einige Schildkröten- und Eidechsenarten sind stark dezimiert. With the arrival of the British East India Company in the early 19th century, followed by the British Raj, Britain expanded its domain over the whole of South Asia, including the Naga Hills. Huge churches dominate the skylines of Wokha, Kohima, Dimapur, and Mokokchung. In winter, temperatures do not generally drop below 4 °C (39 °F), but frost is common at high elevations. Though our land at present is within the British territory, Government have always recognised our privacy rights in it, but if we are forced to enter the council the majority of whose number is sure to belong to other districts, we also have much fear the introduction of foreign laws and customs to supersede our own customary laws which we now enjoy. When the British inquired Burmese guides about the people living in the northern Himalayas, they were told 'Naka'. The evergreen tropical and subtropical forests are found in strategic pockets in the state. Being one of the real states in the North Eastern piece of India, it is an essential visitor site for its excellent view and in particular sustenance. The aim of the festival is to revive and protect the rich culture of Nagaland and display its history, culture and traditions. There are no records of whether they came from the northern Mongolian region, southeast Asia or southwest China, except that their origins are from the east of India and that historical records show the present-day Naga people settled before the arrival of the Ahoms in 1228 AD. Schon zu Zeiten Britisch-Indiens bewahrten sich die Naga ein ausgesprochenes Eigenbewusstsein. The women, as a cultural practice, would encourage men to undertake head-hunting as a prerequisite to marriage. Die verschiedenen Naga-Stämme sprechen unterschiedliche tibetobirmanische Sprachen aus der Untergruppe der Kuki-Chin-Naga-Sprachen, deren Namen meist mit denen der entsprechenden Stämme identisch sind. The colonial interests in Assam, such as tea estates and other trading posts suffered from raids from tribes who were known for their bravery and "head hunting" practices. Mills, J. P. (1935), The Effect of Ritual Upon Industries and Arts in the Naga Hills, Man, 132-135, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 2018 Nagaland Legislative Assembly election, List of institutions of higher education in Nagaland, National Institute of Technology Nagaland, Foreigners (Protected Areas) Order 1958 (India), Northeast Indian Railways during World War II, "Naga issue: posting of interlocutor as Nagaland Governor unlikely to affect peace talks", "Neiphiu Rio sworn in as Nagaland Chief Minister, becomes 1st Nagaland leader to take oath outside Raj Bhavan", "Village/Locality based Pin mapping as on 16th March 2017", "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA", Nagaland – State Human Development Report, "Maps of India website – photograph of GH Damant grave headstone", The World War II Cemetery in Kohima, Nagaland: A Moving Experience, Naga Memorandum to the Simon Commission (1929), "The 16-point Agreement arrived at between the Government of India and the Naga People's Convention, July 1960", "All MLAs ready to sacrifice positions for Naga peace", Nagaland Violence Statistics, India Fatalities 1994-2014, "75% voter turnout in Meghalaya and Nagaland", Nagaland declared 'Falcon capital of the World', "Orchids of Nagaland, propagation, conservation and sustainable utilization: a review", Some Facts and Figures on Development Attainments in Nagaland, "Nagaland Population Sex Ratio in Nagaland Literacy rate data", "Table 162, Number and Percentage of Population Below Poverty Line", An Investigation into Changes in Nagaland's Population between 1971 and 2011, "A-11 Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data and its Appendix", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - I Population of 100,000 and Above", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - II Population of 50,000 and 99,999", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - III Population of 20,000 and 49,999", "A -4 Towns And Urban Agglomerations Classified By Population Size Class In 2011 With Variation Since 1901 - Class - IV Population of 10,000 and 19,999", "Individual Scheduled Tribe Primary Census Abstract Data", "Distribution of the 22 Scheduled Languages", "Census Reference Tables, A-Series – Total Population", "Population by religion community – 2011", "DIMAPUR KALIBARI OBSERVES GOLDEN JUBILEE", "Naga People's Front secures absolute majority in Assembly polls, set to form third consecutive government", "Nagaland Election Results: Full List of All Winning Candidates (MLAs)", State wise : Population, GSDP, Per Capita Income and Growth Rate, "This Trail Blazer is Helping Indians Discover The North East Like Never Before", http://www.morungexpress.com/frontpage/119064.html, 2 crore 7-day Hornbill Festival to enthrall, Hornbill International Motor Rally starts, "Alliance Air confirms plans to commence Guwahati-Dimapur-Imphal service in Dec-2019", "Jalukie Veterinary College to start functioning from the current academic session 2016-17", http://morungexpress.com/st-joseph-university-focus-higher-technical-edu/, The Feasts of Merit among the Northern Sangtam Tribe of Assam, Autonomous administrative divisions of India, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nagaland&oldid=992124608#Population, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1963, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from October 2013, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Articles needing cleanup from August 2019, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from August 2019, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from August 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2015, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [39] The great Indian hornbill has a place in Naga culture. Ein Teil des Landes wurde durch die Briten als Distrikt organisiert (Naga Hills district), der weiter zum Bergland hin gelegene Teil blieb weitgehend unorganisiert (Naga tribal area). Other major towns (and 2011 census populations) are Tuensang (36,774), Mokokchung (35,913), Wokha (35,004), Mon (26,328), Chümoukedima (25,885), Zünheboto (22,633), Kiphire (16,487), Kuda (16,108), Kohima Village (15,734), Phek (14,204), Pfutsero (10,371) and Diphupar 'A' (10,246). [citation needed], The Naga Memorandum submitted by the Naga Club (which later became the Naga National Council) to the Simon Commission explicitly stated, 'to leave us alone to determine ourselves as in ancient times. The younger churches exhibit a more vocally explicit form of worship. [34], Nagaland is largely a mountainous state. According to the 2011 census there are 2 million people living in Nagaland. In March 1975, a direct presidential rule was imposed by the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on the state. [95], In Naga society, individuals were expected to find their place in the social hierarchy, and prestige was the key to maintaining or increasing social status. The memorandum stated that:[citation needed] Bei der Parlamentswahl im Februar 2013 gewann sie mit 38 von 60 Sitzen die absolute Mehrheit. Hutton, J. [20][21], There is the World War II Cemetery, and the War Museum, in honour of those who lost their lives during World War II during the fighting between the British Empire and Japanese troops. Hyderabad • In 1866, the British India administration established a post at Samaguting with the explicit goal of ending intertribal warfare and tribal raids on property and personnel. This deficit requires Nagaland to buy power. [26], Das Postwesen wurde kontinuierlich ausgebaut. All the tribes of Nagaland take part in this festival. Nachdem Rio in die Lok Sabha eingezogen war, ersetzte ihn sein Parteikollege T. R. Zeliang am 24. Ein Beispiel hierfür ist der weitgehende Rückgang der Jagd auf den Amurfalken, der früher in einer Zahl von bis zu etwa 100.000 jährlich in großen Netzen gefangen und getötet worden war. The week-long festival unites Nagaland and people enjoy the colourful performances, crafts, sports, food fairs, games, and ceremonies. The second phase involves Sukhovi to Khaibong. As of 2019, there are 12 districts in Nagaland. Some noteworthy mammals found in Nagaland include the slow loris, Assamese macaque, pig-tailed macaque, stump-tailed macaque, rhesus macaque, capped langur, hoolock gibbon, Himalayan black bear, dhole, occasional Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, clouded leopard, marbled cat, golden cat, Indian elephants, gaur, red serow, sambar, Chinese pangolin, Malayan porcupine, Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine, and Hoary bamboo rats[38], Nagaland has a rich birdlife with more than 490 species. Gordon Pruett, Christianity, history, and culture in Nagaland, Tezenlo Thong, "'Thy Kingdom Come': The Impact of Colonization and Proselytization on Religion among the Nagas,", Bert Sim, Mosstodloch, Aberdeenshire, Scotland: Pipe Major of the Gordon Highlanders at Kohima: his home is named "Kohima." [80] Local initiatives and tourism pioneers are now beginning to promote a socially responsible tourism model involving the participation of the councils, village elders, the church and the youth. Nagaland was first connected to the railway line in 1903 when the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge railway track earlier laid by Assam Bengal Railway from Chittagong to Lumding was extended to Tinsukia on the Dibru–Sadiya line. [24], Die offizielle Statistik zählte im Jahr 2012 3,2 Millionen Nutztiere, darunter etwa eine halbe Million Schweine, 2 Millionen Haushühner, und 235.000 Rinder. Axone is prepared in different ways in different households of Nagaland, some important and popular are: It is used along with vegetables for making stew and is most importantly used to make chutney . Chhattisgarh • Uttar Pradesh • [11] Darin erbaten die Nagas eine weitere Respektierung ihrer Sonderrechte durch die Kolonialadministration. In Nagaland, just like in Thailand or Korea, they are serious when it comes to pork. Along with other tribal regions of the northeast, the people of Nagaland accepted Christianity. Benannt ist Nagaland nach der Volksgruppe der Naga Geografie. Galho is a vegetarian porridge cooked with rice, leaves, and condiments. April bis 22. In parallel, since the mid-19th century, Christian missionaries from the United States and Europe, stationed in India,[15] reached into Nagaland and neighbouring states, converting Nagaland's Naga tribes from animism to Christianity. "[37], Mithun (a semi-domesticated gaur) is the state animal of Nagaland and has been adopted as the official seal of the Government of Nagaland. [10] A popularly accepted, but controversial, view is that it originated from the Burmese word Na-Ka[11]' or 'naga', meaning people with earrings.' [83] The diversity of people and tribes, each with their own culture and heritage, creates a year-long atmosphere of celebrations. Before the British Government conquered our country in 1879-80, we were living in a state of intermittent warfare with the Assamese of the Assam valley to the North and West of our country and Manipuris to the South. (...) Our country is poor and it does not pay for any administration. It formed the Nagaland Peace Council in 1972. At the market you’ll find plenty of grains neatly displayed and ready to be canned out. The temperature during the summer season remains between 16 to 31 °C (61 to 88 °F). The subsequent defeat of Khonoma marked the end of serious and persistent hostility in the Naga Hills.[10]. By a process of subdivision that number increased to seven in 1973, to eleven by 2004, and the most recent district to be created, Noklak district in 2017, brought the total number to twelve districts. Nagaland wird überwiegend von Naga besiedelt. [42] Kopou (pictured right) is also used for festive hairstyle decoration by women in India's northeast. Broad gauge lines run 12.84 kilometres (7.98 mi), National Highway roads 365.3 kilometres (227.0 mi), and state roads 1,094.5 kilometres (680.1 mi). The Naga tribes should have a separate electorate. Nagaland has been granted a great degree of state autonomy, like other Indian States as well as special powers and autonomy for Naga tribes to conduct their own affairs. [63]Dimapur Kalibari is a famous temple in Nagaland. Galho, a soupy concoction, of rice and assorted vegetables, is something that is so popular among the Nagas across all communities. 'From Head Hunters To Church Planters'. The exploration will be carried out by the Metropolitan Oil & Gas Pvt. Auch der Gaur ist sehr selten geworden. Der Urbanisierungsgrad entspricht damit dem Landesdurchschnitt von 31,2 Prozent. Höchster Berg ist der Saramati (3826–3841 m) und der zweithöchste der Japfü (3020–3043 m). Tourism infrastructure is rapidly improving and experts contend this is no longer an issue as was in the past. The movement led to a series of violent incidents, that damaged government and civil infrastructure, attacked government officials and civilians. Im Jahr 2014/15 gab es 328 Postämter. Hindus are concentrated mainly in Dimapur district (28.75%) and Kohima district (9.51%). Several preliminary studies indicate significant recoverable reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 24. Januar 2017 wurden bei Auseinandersetzungen in Dimapur zwei Jugendliche getötet. Your Food Nagaland stock images are ready. Weaving is a traditional art handed down through generations in Nagaland. Im Jahr 2015/16 lag der Verbrauch an Fleisch, Eiern und Milch etwa 50 Prozent höher als die eigene Produktion, so dass dies wesentliche Importgüter sind. [23], Die Wirtschaft Nagalands ist immer noch relativ stark durch die Landwirtschaft geprägt. [45], The population of Nagaland consists of almost 1.9 million people, of which 1.04 million are males and 0.95 million females. The food of Nagaland comprises of plain rice, cooked vegetables and meat. There are also sizable populations of non-tribal communities like Bengalis, Marwaris, Nepalis, and others living mostly around Dimapur City. Die höchsten Erhebungen finden sich Richtung Nordosten. Hinduism is the second largest religion in Nagaland. 1879/80 kam es zu einem landesweiten Aufstand, der durch britische Truppen im Gefecht von Khonoma niedergeschlagen wurde. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries. Prayers are held in Kohima for peace and in memory of the fallen of both sides of the battle.[22][23]. Eine Zweigstelle besteht in Kohima. Juni bis August sind die regenreichsten Monate und der kälteste Monat ist der Januar. It was formed in 2003 after the Nagaland Legislative Assembly election, with the Naga People's Front (NPF), and the BJP. Dimapur district is also at the lowest elevation, Zünheboto district being highest in the mountains. The ancient history of the Nagas is unclear. [12] Dieser Status stellte die Naga nicht zufrieden und die gewalttätigen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen den staatlichen Autoritäten und militanten Naga-Aktivisten gingen weiter. It also includes information on the most popular fermented foods of Nagaland and the tribes and regions associated with it.

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